L-M BRIC News No. 10 Notes                                             05-25-2007 © 
L-M Braiding Research & Information Center / Masako Kinoshita
5 Winthrop Place, Ithaca, NY 14850 U. S. A.
Phone & Fax 607-257-0886 e-mail mkinoshi@twcny.rr.com



1. Cardale-Schrimpff, Marianne, 'The Techniques of Handweaving and Allied Arts in Colombia,' (Ph. D. diss., Oxford University, 1972.

2. The former also is known as A-shape fell, and the latter V-shape fell.

3. Looking at the sketches, one might find it a dramatic change from the methods that we have known. On the other hand we realize that the operating hand faces down whenever the running loop is taken hooked from above.

4. Lebedeva, N. I., 'Priadenie i tkachestvo vostochnykh slavian v. XIX-nachel xx v.,' Trudy Instituta Etnografii im. N. N. Mikluho-Makalaia n. s., 31, 1956.

5. A kind of rodents. Here, we just call it a rat.

6. Speiser, N., The Manual of Braiding, 3rd ed., p. 85, 14*34d; also in Weaver's Journal, v. X, no. 1, 1985, p. 70, Fig. 9.

7. While there is no formal report on the recipes for the 7-loop Trinity braids, numerous examples exist, e.g., the braids in the Shosoin Treasures. The Shosoin square braids are most likely to have been made using Method 2.

8. Marianne Cardale-Schrimpff touches in her thesis on the hanging ends of hammocks where some loop techniques are used. The methods could be worked by a number of braiders.

9. Speiser, N., The Manual of Braiding, 3rd ed., p. 86, bottom right, bottom; Weaver's Journal, v. X, no. 1, 1985, p. 72, Fig. 17, top.

10. L-M BRIC News no. 2, 1999.

11. Forming Emptiness: Zen Masterpieces from the Engaku Temple, Kamakura, at Goto Museum, Tokyo, Japan (2006/10/28-12/03)

12. «Forming Emptiness: Zen Masterpieces from the Engaku Temple,» Goto Museum . Tokyo: 2006.

13. Yuzuruha, Koyama, Curator, Tokyo National Museum.

14.   Kinoshita, Masako, 'A Braiding Technique Documented in an Early Nineteenth-Century Japanese Treatise "Soshun Biko,"' The Textile Museum Journal 1986, 1987.  M. Kinoshita, Nihon Kumihimo Ko Giho no Kenkyu = Study of Archaic Braiding Technique of Japan, Kyoto: Kyoto Shoin, 1994.

15.   M. Kinoshita, Nihon Kumihimo Ko Giho no Kenkyu = Study of Archaic Braiding Technique of Japan, Kyoto: Kyoto Shoin, 1994, p.p. 128-132.

16.   See note 15, p. 146-150. See also, M. Omura, 'Discovered!! Fragments of Tortoise Shell Design Braids,' BRIC News No. 7, 2004,

17.   To construct the Hanging Laces for Amulets, three braiders work holding 11 (an odd number) loops in each hand, i. e., (11 x 12 = 132) loops in all.

18.   Surveys on the Braiding Yarns of the Ancient to the Middle Ages, M. Omura, et. al., Gangoji Institute for Research of Cultural Properties.

19.   Xi in Chinese character is composed of a combination of two characters, one on the left-hand side meaning 'thread' and the other 'exquisitely beautiful.'

20.   The trip took place during 2006/11/15-19. Leader: A. Shimura.

21.   Nunome, J., Origin of Seri Culture and Ancient Silk, Tokyo: Yuzankaku, 1979.

22.   Mancheng Han mu fa que bao gao = Excavation of the Han tombs at Mancheng, Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing, Wen wu Publishing Co, 1980.

23. Collingwood, P., The Technique of Ply-split Braiding, Petaluma: Unicorn Books and Crafts, 1998.

24. Kinoshita, M., On Construction Method of a Lacy Silk Fabric Fragment from Tomb No. 1 at Ta-bou-tai Excavation Site (1974), Journal of International Association of Costume, no. 15, 1999.

25. Kimberly Frodelius is a historical recreation hobbyist with the Society for Creative Anachronism where she studies scribal arts among other varied interests. Professionally, she is a musician and free-lance graphic artist.  She is married and is the proud mother of six children.

26. Lois Swales and co-author Zoe Williams Kuhn are the first to publish modern English redactions of the Harley MS 2320, a 15th-century collection of fingerloop braiding recipes. Fingerloop Braiding: Compleat Anachronist #108, Milpitas: The Society for Creative Anachronism, 2000.

27. British Library MS Harley 2320, a 15th century collection of fingerloop braiding recipes. Modern English redactions of the Harley braids have been published in Tak V Bowes Departed by Elizabeth Benns and Gina Barrett.

28. Zahortiga, Nicolas, att., 'Historia de la Virgen Maria (Story of the Virgin Mary),' 1465, Iglesia de Santa Maria de Tarazona, Borja, Zaragoza, Spain. The work is a 15th century altar piece that depicts the Virgin Mary, holding the Christ Child, surrounded by female saints engaged in various textile arts, including the Saint Lucy, who braids with 8 loops.

29. The Institut Amatller d'Art Hispanic. http://www.amatller.com/index.htm.