L-M BRIC News No. 3 Notes                     2000-05-10 © Revised 2002, 2006
L-M Braiding Research & Information Center / Masako Kinoshita
5 Winthrop Place, Ithaca, NY 14850 U. S. A.
Phone & Fax 607-257-0886 e-mail mkinoshi@twcny.rr.com


Note 1) The term "Single Course Twining" has been defined by Peter Collingwood in The Techniques of Ply-split Braiding, Pataluma, Unicorn Books, 1998, for the P-S- technique constructed structures identical to those we deal with in this issue. Here, we borrow the term to represent our l-m-made structures.

Note 2) Sasanami-gumi in kumihimo is a typical example of two-directional or two-section SCOT.

Note 3) Bell, A and Ricard, P., Le Travail de la Laine a Tlemcen, Alger, 1913. Dombrowsky, G., 'Ueber eine besondere Form textiler Randverzierung in Turkestan', Baesseler Archiv, NF XXXLV, 1976, and others.

Note 4) Speiser, N., Old English Pattern Books for Loop Braiding, Basel: Private Pub., 2000.

Note 5) Speiser, N., The Manual of Braiding, Basel: Private Pub., 1983;?Kinoshita, M., Study of Ancient Braiding Techniques in Japan, Kyoto: Kyoto Shoin, 1994; K., M., 'Braids on Early Japanese Banners,' Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles, Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial Symposium of the Textile Society of America Inc., 1997. Kinoshita's proposition has been made on the underpinning of her earlier study in which she discovered from methodological analysis of the structure of the Shosoin square braids that they had been made using the l-m techniques.

Note 6) Braids made using takadai are also known by the same name, "Sasanamigumi," as those made using marudai are. They, however, do not have the SCOT structure.

Note 7) WOAM (Water Logged Archaeological Material) International Conference (ICOM-CC), Stockholm, Sweden, June 11-15, 2001

Note 8) See News 2.

Note 9) Regardless of the number of eplyf of a twisted or plied cord, one end of the cord is counted as one single element in the P-S technique, whereas in the L-M technique, two elements get twisted and form a 2-ply cord.

Note 10) Office of Shosoin , ed., Braids in the Shoso-in, Tokyo: Heibonsha, 1973; Special Issue 'Kumihimo: Cross Point of Utility and Art,' Nagomi, June, 1984; 'Kumihimo,' Nihon no Bijutsu, no. 308, 1992.

Note 11) No specimens of this type of braids later than the period specified but Kara-kumi Hirao have been found. We do not deal with construction techniques of the Kara-kumi, since no substantial historic evidences have been found.