L-M BRIC News                                      03-31-2004 © 
L-M Braiding Research & Information Center / Masako Kinoshita
5 Winthrop Place, Ithaca, NY 14850 U. S. A.
Phone & Fax 607-257-0886 e-mail mkinoshi@twcny.rr.com
L-M BRIC News No. 7


(1) Orit Shamir, Curator of Organic Materials, Israel Aniqueties Authority.

Alisa Baginski, College of Textile Technology and Fashion.

(2) Carolyn Priest-Dorman, researcher of pre-industrial-revolution textile techniques. She also organizes and coordinates meetings, workshops of these technkiiques.

(3) Beno Rothenberg, Professor, University College, London; Director, the Institute of Archaeo-metallurgical Studies, the Institute of Archaeology, University College, London.

Rothenberg, Beno, with contributions by H. G. Bachmann ... [et. al.], The Egyptian mining temple at Timna, London: IAMS [and] Institute of Archaeology, University College, London, 1988.

(4) Gudjonsson, E. E., 'Icelandic Loop-Braided Bands: Krilud Bond,' Bulletin de Liaison du CIETA 49, 1975 65-68, fig 3a.

(5) N. Speiser, The manual of braiding, Basel: private publication, 1983, second edition 1986.

(6) UO #1 and UO #2 both have the obverse face obviously different from the reverse face that make them the hallmark of the l-m braid. See The manual of braiding (2nd edition) p. 85. UO #1 is the one made when the loop is transferred 'open' and UO #2 that made when the loop is transferred 'crossed.' For instance, see News No. 2, L-M braiding of Cuna Indians, Fig. 1.

(7) Mari Omura, Lead researcher at Ethnographic Materials Research Section. Gangoji Institute for Cultural Property, Nara, Japan.


(9) According to the past research of a few medieval single-face kikko braids, two were deemed to have been made using method #1. The other two fit to none of the three possibilities, yet have little possibility of having been made using the stand-and-bobbin technique. There are few authentic medieval kikko specimens hampering further study.

(10) Method #2 of finger-held l-m is different from method #2 of kute-uchi procedures for constructing single-face Kikko braids. See, for instance, L-M BRIC News No. 2, 1999, p. 3.

(11) Reconstructed technique: Kinoshita, M., 'A braiding technique documented in an early nineteenth-century treatise "Soshun Biko",' The Textile Museum Journal 1986, 25, 1987.

(12) Kinnoshita, M., Study of Archaic Braiding Techniques in Japan, Kyoto, Kyoto Shoin, 1994.

(13) There are 2-layer double-face kikkos constructed using takadai. The patterning principle used is double face pick-up technique, entirely different from 4-layer double-face kikkos.

(14) Mumford, C. L., BSc Hons. (Archaeological Conservation), Cardiff University, 1976. Conservator in Dept. of Archaeology & Numismatics, National Museum of Wales, since 1980.

(15) Plenderleith, Elizabeth. 1956. "The Technique" in "The Stole and Maniples," pp. 375-395 in _The Relics of St. Cuthbert, ed. C.F. Battiscombe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(16) Crowfoot, Elisabeth, Pritchard, Frances, and Staniland, Kay. Textiles and Clothing c. 1150-1450: Medieval Finds from Excavations in London 4. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1992.

(17) Granger-Taylor, H., Pritchard, F., 'A fine quality "Insular" embroidery from the Late Ninth/Early Tenth Century Crannog at Llangorse, Near Brecon', Redknap, M. et al. Eds., Pattern and Purpose in Insular Art, Oxford, 2001.